Asthma And Allergies

Pediatric Associates of Austin -  - Pediatrician

Pediatric Associates of Austin

Pediatricians located in Austin, TX

Asthma and allergies in childhood can cause breathing problems and limit the activities of your child. With the help of doctors at Pediatric Associates of Austin, children in the Austin, TX area can receive treatment for these issues without major disruption to their life.

Asthma and Allergies Q&A

What Are Childhood Asthma and Allergies?

Asthma in children is a chronic disease in which the airways in the lungs can become inflamed or irritated. This inflammation makes it hard to breathe especially during an asthma attack. Some causes of the inflammation include physical activity, exercise, exposure to cigarette smoke or other fumes, or stress.

Asthma can also be triggered by allergies. This is known as allergic asthma and can occur due to a number of substances such as pollen, dust, mold and other allergens. These allergens cause the child’s immune system to fight back against them, resulting in swelling in the nose, throat, lungs or sinuses.

What Are the Symptoms of Asthma and Allergies?

Some children begin to experience breathing problems, such as wheezing, coughing, tightness in the chest, and shortness of breath. In many cases, these symptoms can actually be the first tell-tale signs of childhood asthma. Your child might also experience chronic coughing, trouble sleeping or chest pain that could potentially indicate asthma. If your child is experiencing any of these symptoms, call your pediatrician. These symptoms indicate their asthma is not well controlled. Our goal at Pediatric Associates is to provide excellent care to our patients to enable them to lead a symptom-free lifestyle. We aim to educate our patients on identifying what triggers their asthma.  

Allergies can display a number of different symptoms depending on the severity of the allergic reaction. Typically, they can cause congestion, sore throat, skin rashes, headaches, sneezing, and swelling. In rare cases, they may lead to anaphylaxis, which can be a life-threatening reaction.

What Are the Treatments for Asthma and Allergies?

Asthma and allergic reactions can be easily treated so they do not impede your child’s lifestyle. A doctor may prescribe certain medications to help reduce the effects of asthma and allergies. For asthma, your child may be given an inhaler to prevent and/or when he or she is suffering from an asthma attack. Asthma is not considered a lifelong diagnosis until the age of 5. Some children improve, while others may end up needing treatment and/or close monitoring for life.

As for allergies, it is important to first identify the cause of the reaction. This can be determined by allergy testing. Your child can then be given antihistamines to reduce the allergic reaction. It is also important to avoid future contact with the allergen. Allergy treatment depends on the severity of the reaction. Seasonal allergies are treated with oral antihistamines, whereas food and severe allergies usually require lifestyle modifications.